Research Ethics

Research Involving Human or Animal Subjects

Ethical standards provided by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) are very much applicable to researchers planning to involve human and animal subjects. The policy on Protection of Human Subjects and Animals in Research suggests the corresponding authors should offer evidence for the execution of the research while abiding with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national level) and also with the Helsinki Declaration, including all revisions and amendments. The author is required to submit the ethical approval. The manuscript must include the institutional review board name and approval number on it. The manuscript must state the details of obtaining consent from the subjects. In cases where experiments on animals are being reported, authors are required to explain whether the institutional and national guidelines regarding the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.

Clinical trial registration

Clinical trials are required to be registered at or another agency that follows ICMJE criteria before patients are formally recruited for the study.

Publishing images from human research participants

If images of human participants are part of the manuscript, the Pakistan Journal of Cardiovascular Intervention must be provided with a valid statement (informed consent) validating their patient's consent prior to the inclusion of images in the manuscript. A patient's identity must be kept confidential, and the editors have the authority to demand authors to provide a consent form.

Scientific misconduct

Articles submitted to the journal are initially evaluated by an in-house editorial team, and if the editors seem to identify a problem with a particular article, that the submitted paper has content that contains any misconduct; in that case, the manuscript will be rejected from Pakistan Journal of Cardiovascular Intervention. For further details Click.


The corresponding author is in charge of any and all communication with the journal about the submission of the manuscript and publication process as its core responsibility. The corresponding author must confirm that all authors are mentioned in the authors' list prior to the final submission. For further details Click.

Competing Interests

Authors are requested to disclose details of all competing interests, whether financial or non-financial. These competing interests can potentially compromise the integrity of the work submitted and manipulate the authors' contribution in terms of presentation of data, analysis, and explanation. Therefore, the corresponding author is accountable for submitting a statement regarding conflicts of interest in the manuscript on behalf of all the co-authors. For further details Click.

Plagiarism Policy

The plagiarized manuscript that is presented with large copy-pasted data is inappropriate and would not be considered for publication in the Pakistan Journal of Cardiovascular Intervention. For further details Click.

Duplicate Publication

Content under consideration in Pakistan Journal of Cardiovascular Intervention must be original and not submitted elsewhere for publication. In the case of previous submissions elsewhere, a rejection letter from those publications must be provided. For further details Click.