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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Title: The title should be concise (200-250 characters) while clearly conveying the topic to researchers outside the field. Avoid excessive use of abbreviations.

Author Names and Affiliations: Provide the complete names of all authors along with their affiliations, contact numbers, email addresses, and ORCIDs. Use an asterisk (*) to indicate the corresponding author. List keywords (3-5 only) below the article title.

Ethical Consideration:

  • Declare ethical approval when necessary. Mention the name of the institutional review board that provided approval in the manuscript.
  • Research involving human subjects should adhere to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.
  • Lack of ethical approval may lead to rejection during the initial phases of submission.

Informed Consent:

  • For studies involving human subjects, provide detailed information and evidence of informed consent.
  • For studies involving children, obtain written informed consent from parents or guardians.
  • If written informed consent was not feasible, explain the reasons in detail.
  • Illiterate participants may provide thumb impressions as a form of consent.
  • Studies involving occupational participants require permission from the employer.

Competing Interest:

  • Authors must disclose any competing interests that could potentially influence their professional judgment concerning the primary interest of the manuscript.


  • Acknowledge contributors who are not listed as authors.

Source of Funding:

  • State the source of funding, including grant numbers if applicable.
  • Clearly indicate if no external support was received.
  • If support was provided by a commercial company, describe the role of the funders in the study design, data collection, analysis, etc.

Dual Publication:

  • If any part of the article, figures, or results has been previously submitted, accepted, or published elsewhere, disclose this information in the cover letter.
  • If results, tables, or figures from another publication are used, obtain permission to reuse them in an open access journal under the open access license.

Figure & Tables Guidelines:

  • Insert high-resolution figures at appropriate positions in the text or group them at the end.
  • Present each figure legend on the same page as its corresponding figure.
  • Tables and graphs should be editable whenever possible.
  • Use distinct colors and avoid the rainbow color scale.
  • Graphs should be clear and effectively illustrate the results.
  • Properly label the axes in graphs and provide well-defined units and legends.

Reference Guidelines:

  • Follow the Vancouver style of referencing.


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