Author's Instructions

Summary of the Editorial and Review Process

  • Upon submission, each manuscript is assigned a reference code for identification.
  • The editorial team selects potential reviewers for the manuscript.
  • Reviewers are contacted to confirm their availability and willingness to review the manuscript within the specified timeline.
  • Reviewers submit their review reports to the editor.
  • The editorial team discusses the reports and reaches a final decision.
  • The editor communicates the decision to the author.
  • The final decision may include Acceptance, Rejection, Minor Revision, or Major Revision.
  • Preparing Files for Submission: We highly recommend authors to follow the instructions below before submitting their manuscript:

General Instructions:

  • Attach a cover letter to the manuscript (accessible to the editors only).
  • Submit the manuscript text and figures in Microsoft Word format whenever possible.
  • Spell out abbreviations in full forms for clarity.

Title Page:

Title: The title should be concise (200-250 characters) while clearly conveying the topic to researchers outside the field. Avoid excessive use of abbreviations.

Author Names and Affiliations: Provide the complete names of all authors along with their affiliations, contact numbers, email addresses, and ORCIDs. Use an asterisk (*) to indicate the corresponding author. List keywords (3-5 only) below the article title.

Ethical Consideration:

  • Declare ethical approval when necessary. Mention the name of the institutional review board that provided approval in the manuscript.
  • Research involving human subjects should adhere to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki - Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.
  • Lack of ethical approval may lead to rejection during the initial phases of submission.

Informed Consent:

  • For studies involving human subjects, provide detailed information and evidence of informed consent.
  • For studies involving children, obtain written informed consent from parents or guardians.
  • If written informed consent was not feasible, explain the reasons in detail.
  • Illiterate participants may provide thumb impressions as a form of consent.
  • Studies involving occupational participants require permission from the employer.

Competing Interest:

  • Authors must disclose any competing interests that could potentially influence their professional judgment concerning the primary interest of the manuscript.


  • Acknowledge contributors who are not listed as authors.

Source of Funding:

  • State the source of funding, including grant numbers if applicable.
  • Clearly indicate if no external support was received.
  • If support was provided by a commercial company, describe the role of the funders in the study design, data collection, analysis, etc.

Dual Publication:

  • If any part of the article, figures, or results has been previously submitted, accepted, or published elsewhere, disclose this information in the cover letter.
  • If results, tables, or figures from another publication are used, obtain permission to reuse them in an open access journal under the open access license.

Figure & Tables Guidelines:

  • Insert high-resolution figures at appropriate positions in the text or group them at the end.
  • Present each figure legend on the same page as its corresponding figure.
  • Tables and graphs should be editable whenever possible.
  • Use distinct colors and avoid the rainbow color scale.
  • Graphs should be clear and effectively illustrate the results.
  • Properly label the axes in graphs and provide well-defined units and legends.

Reference Guidelines:

  • Follow the Vancouver style of referencing.

Starting the Manuscript Submission Process:

To initiate the submission process, click on the "Make a Submission" link available on the homepage. We kindly request authors to adhere to our standard formats when submitting their manuscripts.

Checking Manuscript Status:

Upon submission, you will receive an acknowledgment email containing a password or link to access the system. You can track the status of your manuscript throughout the review process using this information. The system provides detailed tracking information regarding the submission/peer-review process.